The next job was to transform lawns to beds for growing vegetables and flowers. The best way is to cut down lawn and weed cover with cardboard, cow or horse manure and straw. Rather soon I had no more cardboard available, so I had to use tarpaulin of plastic and special artificial coverings. When I plant bushes and trees I cover the soil with newspapers around the plant to keep moisture in. Cut grass is also good. Or branches fine cut.
At no time have I dug the soil, as that is very bad for the soil and the micro-life. As soon as the lawn is gone I will sow green soil-covering plants, or plant potatoes to loosen the soil and then sow green manure for the winter. I prefer red clover for giving nitrogen to the soil. The soil on Fejoe is full of clay. I use a lot of sea-weed for ground-covering and of course grass when available. Many people have the opinion that seaweed which is salty will harm the soil. I have only experienced its benefits.